Used to combine clauses or other parts of speech. There are 3 types of conjunctions:
• Coordinating Conjunctions
• Subordinating Conjunction
• Correlative Conjunction
How do join 2 clauses?
1. Relative Clauses
You can use relative clauses to give essential or extra information about a Noun (person, place,
or thing) by using relative pronouns, who, which, and that.
1. He is the kind of person who is always friendly.
2. Air pollution can cause health problems. Air pollution is largely caused by motor vehicles.
➸ Air pollution, which is mostly caused by motor vehicles, can cause health problems.
3. There is evidence that some people are more likely to smoke. These people have parents and friends who smoke.
➸ There is evidence that people who have parents and friends who smoke are more likely to smoke.
2. Conditional Clauses
Also known as ‘If clauses’, they are used to express that the action in the main clause can
only take place if a certain condition is met.
1.I will be really happy, if I pass the IELTS test.
2. If the cost of organic food proves to be expensive for most people, they will simply not buy it.
3.Use Subordinating Conjunctions
Example – since, after, as, because, while, until, even though, although, when, if,…
which add more information to our main idea.
1)Allen went to the teacher’s office because he wanted to find out the answer.
2) Even though you can’t always control your time, it will help you to set priorities and a daily
4)Use Co-ordinating Conjunctions
Compound sentences consist of two independent clauses linked together with a co-ordinating conjunction such as FANBOYS (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So)
1)She joined Leap Scholar, and she did really well on her IELTS test.
2)Solar panels should be subsidised by the government, for they can tackle
the problem of climate change.
5.Use Correlative Conjunctions
Pair conjunctions – must be used in correct order
3. Not only/but also